The latest thinking from Greenspring Advisors.

The Stock Market Does Not Equal The Economy

J. Patrick Collins Jr., CFP®, EA

The economic data coming out these last few weeks have been spectacular.  Whether it be employment, manufacturing or consumer spending, the economy really seems to be on a roll.  Before you go out and buy some stocks as an early Christmas present, it is important to remember that the economy is not the stock market.  We’ve talked about this before and we’ve posted a great chart from The Business Insider (originally Vanguard data) that shows this to be the case:

stocks economy cotd


You’ll see that there is no real correlation between a country’s stock market return and GDP growth.  Why is that?  First of all, the market as a whole is pretty smart.  Most situations where a country’s economy is going to slow down or expand is known well advance by market participants and is already priced into the market.  Second, just because a country is doing well economically, it may not mean that the companies that are domiciled in that country are experiencing the same growth.  If they are multinational companies they may be experiencing growth or contraction in other areas of the world.  

Just look at Thailand and Turkey on this chart.  Over the past 42 years they have experienced almost identical GDP growth, but Turkey’s stock market has grown at 12% per year while Thailand is growing at less than 1%.  Please remember this chart when you hear a pundit talking about how the market is going to perform because of some prediction he is making on the economy.  They aren’t correlated directly and it is dangerous to make investment decisions on such factors.